Titles of books, journals, and volume numbers may be shown either in italics or
Luh, K. E., & Gooding, D. C. (1999). Perceptual
biases in psychosis-prone individuals [Abstract].
Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 50. Retrieved
August 21, 1999, from the World Wide Web:
Dessey Creations. (1999). Butterfly in Miami
[Advertisement]. Retrieved August 24, 1999,
from the World Wide Web: http://www
Health-care inflation: It's baaack! (1999, March
17). Business Week. Retrieved August 28, 1999,
from the World Wide Web: http://www.businessweek
Archive or Scholarly Project
A general reference can be made in your text:
An excellent jumping off place for social psychology is the Social Psychology Archives
Reference to a specific article in the archives will be made in the
Alicke, M. D., LoSchiavo, F. M., Zerbst, J. L., &
Zhang, S. (1997). The person who outperforms
me is a genius: Maintaining perceived competence
in upward social comparison [Abstract]. Journal
of Personality and Social Psychology, 73, 781-789.
Retrieved September 12, 1999, from the World Wide
Article from a Scholarly Journal
Miller. B. A., Smyth, N. J., & Mudar, P. J. (1999).
Mothers' alcohol and other drug problems and
their punitiveness toward their children. Journal
of Studies on Alcohol, 60(5), 632-642. Retrieved
September 28, 1999, from the World Wide Web:
Adams, S. (1999, August 15). The pointy-haired boss
wants to see you. Dilbert. Retrieved August 24,
1999, from the World Wide Web: http://umweb2.
Chapter or Portion of a Book
Often, sections and chapters of larger works will have their own URL, so you can
send your reader directly to the part cited rather than the home page or title
Moghaddam, F. M., & Studer, C. (1997). Cross cultural
psychology: The frustrated gadfly's promises,
potentialities and failures (Chapter 12). In D.
Fox & I. Prilleltensky (Eds.), Critical psychology:
An introduction. Retrieved September 15, 1999, from
the World Wide Web: http://www.uis.edu/~fox/
Bowles, M. D. (1998). The organization man goes to
college: AT&T's experiment in humanistic
education, 1953-60. The Historian, 61, 15+.
Retrieved August 24, 1999, from DIALOG on-line
database (#88, IAC Business A.R.T.S., Item
For a full-text article found on CD-ROM, use the following form:
Wakschlag, L. S., & Leventhal, B. L. (1996). Consultation
with young autistic children and their families.
Journal of the American Academy of Child and
Adolescent Psychiatry, 35, 963-65. Retrieved
August 24, 1999, from INFOTRAC database
(Expanded Academic Index, CD-ROM, Item
Wessel, D. (1995, February 2). Fed lifts rates half point,
setting four-year high. Wall Street Journal, p.
A2+. Retrieved August 24, 1999, from UMI-ProQuest
database (Wall Street Journal Ondisc, CD-ROM,
If you cite from the abstract only, use this form:
Figueredo, A. J., & McCloskey, L. A. (1993) Sex, money,
and paternity: The evolutionary psychology of domestic
violence. Ethnology and Sociobiology, 14, 353-79.
Abstract retrieved August 14, 1999, from Silverplatter
database (PsychLIT, CD-ROM, Item 81-3654)
For an encyclopedia article on CD-ROM, use the following form:
"Abolitionist Movement." Compton's Interactive Encyclopedia,
CD-ROM. Softkey Multimedia. 1996.
Coleridge, Samuel Taylor. (1999). Retrieved August 19,
1999, from Encylopaedia Britannica Online
(Vers. 99.1, 1994-1999) on the World Wide Web:
Lee, C. C. (1998). The South in Toni Morrison's
Song of Solomon: Initiation, healing, and home
[Abstract]. Studies in the Literary Imagination,
31, 109-23. Retrieved September 19, 1999, from
FirstSearch database (#BHUM99007521, Humanities
Abstracts) on the World Wide Web: http://
Cite email as you would a personal communication in your text, not in your
bibliography. Provide initials as well as a specific date:
W. A. Walters (personal communication, September 11, 1999) stated that. . .
Coleridge, Samuel Taylor. 1999. Retrieved August 19,
1999, from Encyclopaedia Britannica Online
(Vers. 99.1, 1994-1999) on the World Wide Web:
America's children: Key national indicators of well-being.
(1999). Federal Interagency Forum on Child and Family
Statistics. Retrieved September 15, 1999, from ERIC
database (ED 427897): http://ericir.syr.edu/plweb-cgi
Film, Video, or Film Clip
A light still bright: Video on the ecumenical patriarchate
of Constantinople. (1996). The History of the Orthodox
Christian Church. Retrieved September 11, 1999, from
the World Wide Web: http://www.goarch.org/goa/
FTP, Telnet, and Gopher Sites
Kranidiotis, A. A. (1994, June 7). Human audio perception
frequently asked questions. Human Audio Perception
Discussion Group [On-line serial]. Retrieved March
11, 1997, from: ftp://svr-ftp.eng.cam.ac.uk/pub/com.
Home Page for a Web Site
Since you are not citing a specific article, you can refer to home pages in your
text, not in the bibliography.
Links to several professional sites are listed at the home page of Frank M. LoSchiavo (http://www.netreach.net/!losh)
Strassman, M. (1998). Is journalism dead? [Interview with
P. Hamill, author of New is a verb.] BookRadio.
Retrieved August 24, 1998, from the World Wide Web:
See "Article from a Scholarly Journal."
Strickland, R. A. (1999, August 22). [Letter to the editor].
New York Times on the Web. Retrieved August 24, 1999,
from the World Wide Web: http://www.nytimes.com/yr/mo/
Linkage Data (an accessed file)
What happens to recycled plastics? (1996). Lkd. Better World
Discussion Topics at Recycling Discussion Group [On-line
serial]. Retrieved June 18, 1997, from the World Wide
Magazine Article Online
"People: Your Greatest Asset." (1999). Human Resources.
Retrieved September 11, 1999, from the World Wide
Ganus, J. (1999). In the clouds of Isnos: Prologue [Manuscript].
Retrieved September 29, 1999, from the World Wide Web:
Upham, W. P. (1866). Map of Salem village. Witchcraft in
Salem Village. Electronic Text Center. U of Virginia.
Retrieved September 15, 1999, from the World Wide
MOO, MUD, and Other Chat Rooms
Virtual conference on Mary Shelley's The Last Man. (1997,
September 13). Villa Diodati at EmoryMOO [On-line
serial]. Retrieved August 24, 1999, from the World
Wide Web: http://www.rc.umd.edu/villa/vc97/Shelley_
Newsgroup, Usenet News, Forum
Anders, J. (1997, February 21). Global warming/climate change:
A new approach. Institute of Marine Research. Retrieved
March 11, 1999, from Usenet: cgi-bin/news?msg@44430/sci.
Newspaper or Newsletter Article, Column, or Editorial
Weisman, S. R. (1999, August 22). A debate over wealth,
virtue and justice. New York Times on the Web.
Retrieved September 11, 1999, from the World Wide Web:
Alessi, N. (1998, January). From hobbyists to professionals:
Our destiny. The Psychiatric Society for Informatics
Newsletter, 2, 1, 7. Retrieved September 14, 1999, from
the World Wide Web: http://www.psychinformatics.org/
Online Posting for Email Discussion Group
Camilleri, R. (1997, March 10). Narrative biography. H-Rhetoric
[On-line serial]. Retrieved March 11, 1998, from
Photo, Painting, or Sculpture
Farrar, R. (1999). Windsor castle [Photograph]. Retrieved August
24, 1999 from the World Wide Web: http://jrfarrar.demon.
Gold shield, African coast [African sculpture]. (1997).
U of Pennsylvania Museum. Retrieved August 24, 1999, from
the World Wide Web: http://www.sas.upenn.edu/African_
Watkins, R. E. (1992). An historical review of the role and
practice of psychology in the field of corrections
(Report No. R-28). Correctional Service of Canada.
Retrieved September 12, 1999, from the World Wide Web:
Frank, L. (1997, March 5). Worker: "I didn't get that at
home." Investigation into illnesses around the nation's
nuclear weapons sites [On-line serial]. Tennessean.com.
Retrieved September 15, 1999, from the World Wide Web:
Sound Clip or Recording
McCarthy, J. (1999, August 24). Turkey. All Things Considered.
NPROnline. Retrieved August 24, 1999, from the World
Wide Web: http://search.npr.org/cf/cmn/pcmnpd01fm.cfm
Web Site, General Reference
As long as you are not citing a specific article but merely making reference to
a site, provide the address in your text, not on the bibliography.
Further information about this program can be found at
the Web site for the Department of Psychology at the University of Wisconsin-Parkside (http://www.uwp.edu/academic/psychology).
Andrade, G., & Stafford, E. (1999). Investigating the economic
role of mergers. Harvard Business School of Working Papers
1999-2000. Retrieved August 24, 1999, from the World Wide